Yarmouth Pier, 1822
Oil on canvas
12 x 20 in. (30.5 x 50.8 cm)
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During the 1820s John Constable, England’s greatest landscape painter, studied his native Suffolk countryside in numerous oil sketches made in the open air. He devoted much attention in these works to clouds and sky, recording shifts of light and tone in brushwork looser and more vivid than his studio paintings. This is such a picture, one of two he made of Yarmouth Pier (the other is in the Tate Gallery, London). He appears to have changed his mind about the position of the pier: the original pier can be seen faintly above its present location. Constable probably began painting the scene closer to the pier and then moved further back and had to alter its position.
Salander-O’Reilly, New York, 1990; private collection, New Haven, Connecticut; Michael N. Altman & Co., Inc., New York
Literature: Graham Reynolds, The Early Paintings and Drawings of John Constable, New Haven and London, 1996, no. 22.36A, pl. 1401
Exhibited: Salander-O’Reilly, New York, Constable, 1776-1837 (not in catalogue), 1989, Mo. C25
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